Paper conservators

Paper conservators

The job of a paper conservator calls for a delicate touch, loads of patience and the guts to stomach grime, mould and maybe even a colony of termites


Alice Tsang, paper conservator at the government's Central Conservation Section, finds it exciting to 'treat' a newly arrived book and to uncover the mysteries hidden between the pages.
Alice Tsang, paper conservator at the government's Central Conservation Section, finds it exciting to 'treat' a newly arrived book and to uncover the mysteries hidden between the pages.
Photo: May Tse
Paper conservators are "doctors" for historical items such as books, manuscripts and prints. They try their utmost to restore each "patient" to its original glory so others can see how it looked like in its time and study its message.

Young Post talks to Alice Tsang Chee-ho, a paper conservator at the Central Conservation Section under the Leisure and Cultural Services Department.


Conservators should have an eye for detail and a delicate touch. They deal with tiny holes, creases and mould on old manuscripts and photographs while having to protect the fragile paper.

The work calls for a great deal of patience because some procedures are tedious, repetitive and time-consuming. For example, it takes three or four people a week to separate pages from a 100-page book that are stuck together like a block.

Sometimes the work gets unpleasant. Tsang once went to a village house to collect a pile of valuable manuscripts infested with worms and termites.


Universities in Britain offer undergraduate programmes in conservation science, while in America, there are courses only at the postgraduate level - many start off with history or fine arts. Hong Kong has no such specialised studies, but Tsang and many of her teammates hold a degree in chemistry or applied chemistry.

The section sends chemistry graduates overseas to take a one-year course on basic conservation. Tsang studied for a master's degree in archaeological science at the University of London and spent three months working in the British Museum as an intern.

Work prospects

The section mainly serves the Museum of History and Museum of Art in Tsim Sha Tsui and the Heritage Museum in Sha Tin. It has eight specialties: paintings; photos and prints; historical documents and manuscripts; textiles and natural history specimens; metals; organic materials; ceramics and inorganic materials; and archaeological finds.

Tsang examines the condition of each newly arrived item, then takes steps to protect it.

She also tries to keep the exhibits in the best possible condition. She inspects the displays regularly to monitor their condition. Every year her team takes everything out of the storeroom for thorough check-ups and repairs.

Tsang also researches the exhibits' origins and what they are made of, and tests conservation methods. Her team's findings are published in journals and presented at conferences.

The excitement of protecting a newly arrived book and enhancing her knowledge keeps her going. "It's like solving a puzzle ... I still remember how thrilled I felt to brush off a thick coat of mould to find someone's signature," Tsang says.

Long-term prospects

An assistant curator II pairs up with an assistant curator I for a year. An assistant curator I supervises a team and oversees a project devising conservation strategies. When you have gained enough experience dealing with an extensive range of objects, you may take up a managerial role as curator and then chief curator.

Average pay

An assistant curator II can expect to get HK$22,005 to HK$35,290. An assistant curator I's pay ranges from HK$36,945 to HK$49,480.

Where to apply

Watch out for openings on the section's website (, or apply to framing or conservation firms.

A day at work

Take one of the museum's latest additions, a 1910s contract to sell one's daughter, for example. Alice Tsang checks the document thoroughly at the laboratory.

She notes down the holes, creases, tears and folds on the paper where time and insects have left their mark. She humidifies the document in an ultrasonic machine. She smooths the creases, then uses toned tissue paper and methylcellulose to patch up the tears.

She flattens and dries the repaired document on a suction table. Finally, she frames it on a piece of cardboard to protect the fragile paper and make it easier to handle.



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