Titus To, 16, Ma On Shan Tsung Tsin Secondary School
The new two-child policy will only cause more problems, and the consequences will be long-lasting. The sudden increase in the birth rate will lead to overpopulation, and put a heavy burden on the country's medical and education systems.
The central government won't be able to allocate enough money to build more hospitals and schools. And there will be no extra medical staff and teachers to cater for the increase in newborn babies.
Poor people will become poorer when they have two children. It is hoped that a second child will lead to an increase in the labour force and boost the economy. However, it won't be as helpful as expected. It will take about 30 years before the children are old enough to join the job market. The two-child policy is a bad idea.
Angela Siu, 17, Law Ting Pong Secondary School
This is great news for the doctors and nurses who work at the North District Hospital in Sheung Shui. There are still a lot of mainlanders who come to Hong Kong to give birth, so they can avoid paying the fine for having another child.
This policy will help mainlanders who want to have two children, as well as ease the burden on medical staff in Hong Kong's hospitals.
Kwok Nga-yu, 15, Law Ting Pong Secondary School
The two-child policy is a good thing for China. The controversial one-child policy led to a shortage of workers and hindered economic growth. The country needs more young people who are very productive and efficient.
But, at the same time, Beijing needs to offer more financial support to low-income families who have two children. It already takes a lot of money to raise one child, so imagine the cost when a family has two kids!
Ng Kwan-ho, 17, Maryknoll Fathers' School
One? Or two? That's the question. Mainland families can now have one more child. This is brilliant - even though the Chinese could soon occupy every corner on Earth. After all, there are already more than a billion Chinese! What if the number is doubled? I can't even imagine. However, as the country develops, it can always use a bigger labour force.
It can also help solve the ageing problem. China's National Bureau of Statistics says the number of people aged 60 or older rose to 15.5 per cent of the total population last year.
It's a great idea to launch the new policy now, before the problem gets too serious. But it should be implemented gradually, because there are still a lot of poor people on the mainland. Thousands of children cannot go to school, and they don't have enough to eat. Things could become worse if the birth rate grows too fast.
Matthew Leung Man-chung, Chong Gene Hang College
The two-child policy is not a good idea. It could cause a sudden increase in the country's population, and create a serious food shortage. Although an ageing population is a big issue on the mainland, the government would have to offer the children medical and education assistance before they can support their parents and grandparents.
If I were the president, I would continue the one-child policy. Otherwise, the government would have to spend more money as the birth rate rises. Where will all this money come from? China's future could be bleak then.
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