Up to 8,000 are believed to be stuck off Thai, Indonesian and Malaysian coasts, and those who made it to shore describe violence and starvation
Crowded under tarpaulin tents strewn with rubbish and boxes of water, the Myanmese and Bangladeshi migrants speak of horrors at sea: of murders, of killing each other over scarce supplies of food and water, of corpses thrown overboard.
“One family was beaten to death with wooden planks from the boat, a father, a mother and their son,”says Mohammad Amin, 35. "And then they threw the bodies into the ocean."
Amin, an ethnic Rohingya Muslim, first boarded a boat from
The many trials and tribulations
Getting to the camp was a struggle of epic proportions. As governments around the region have refused the migrants entry, and their navies have pushed them back, it was eventually down to Acehnese fishermen to rescue the boat on Friday, towing it to shore in Langsa.
But at least now they are on dry land. Between 6,000 and 8,000 more are believed to still be stuck off the coasts of
Mohammad Rafique, 21, says that when the boat he was on first floated into Indonesian waters last week, the navy gave them provisions of food and water. "After that they asked us, 'Where you go now?" he explains, "We said, 'We are going to
Out back in the hospital wing in Langsa, a row of men lie on stretchers with their emaciated limbs hooked up to intravenous drips. The back of one shirtless man is marked with deep red lashes.
"They hit us, with hammers, by knife, cutting," says Rafique, recalling onboard violence between the different groups of migrants. He presents his only possession - a Rohingya identity card from the United Nations high commission for refugees in
Many of those on the ships are from northern Myanmar’s persecuted Rohingya minority, who are denied citizenship and voting rights, even though many have lived in the country for generations.
In the majority Buddhist nation, the Rohingya have continued to flee sectarian violence and poor conditions in refugee camps.
In Langsa, Amin, a former farmer in
"The government is torturing us," says Zukura Khotun, a mother of three who fled Myanmar's Rakhine state and boarded a boat in the hope she could be reunited with her husband in
Others in the camp from Bangladesh are also quick to identify themselves as ethnic Rohingya Muslims, some saying they were travelling to Malaysia for work, to get married or to join their family members.
No one can say exactly how many people died on board. Rafique, who says he spent his whole life in a refugee camp in
But it is impossible to immediately verify or corroborate their stories.
Sayed Oestman, head of the Langsa development committee says there are still palpable tensions between the two groups of migrants who are divided at the camp after the vicious fighting at sea.
"So far we hear the Bangladeshi, they are the workers planning to go to
More than 1,000 people have arrived on Aceh's shores on dilapidated vessels over the past week.
Inside the tents at Langsa women nurse their children while sipping water or small cartons of warm
Indonesian volunteers are tacking up toilet cubicles out of thin plywood and a mountain of second-hand clothes has been dumped in the grass. Oestman says there is an urgent need for medicine and vitamins at the camp. Twenty-five migrants have been admitted to the local general hospital.
Down the mangrove-lined street that leads to the camp, curious and concerned locals have gathered at the gate to get a glimpse of the new arrivals.
Some are allowed through to deliver cartons of eggs and instant noodles.
Langsa resident Ismail Hanifah, 62, is visiting for the second day to check on the plight of his fellow Muslims.
"Yesterday when I saw them they were like animals, no clothes, no nothing," explains Hanifah, "I said Assalamualaikum to them and they were all crying. They were so hungry. I heard from someone from
Concrete details about the migrants' time at sea are hard to come by at this stage. But most in Langsa tell of being transported in small boats from
Some waited for up to two months there, others just a week, for the boat, crewed by Thai and Burmese nationals, to fill up before they could leave. Most paid between 5,000 and 8,000 Malaysian Ringgit to agents of people smugglers for the journey.
For 25 days they were at sea, surviving on minimal supplies given to them from the Indonesian and Malaysian navies after the captain and crew deserted them. Amin says they slept crouched and huddled next to each other on the ship and tried to save supplies for the women and children on board.
But the migrants were desperate, thirsty and starving, and fighting broke out on board.
"When the captain and the crew escaped, deserted us, I was sobbing," explains Amin, "One man from